Agreement Between Afghanistan And America

Because the agreement contains language on various measures that the Afghan government should take, its failure to participate in the talks has created an obstacle to future negotiations and has angered Afghan President Ashraf Ghani and other Afghan officials. Specifically, in the agreement, the United States agreed that up to 5,000 Taliban prisoners would be released by the Afghan government as a “sign of trust” between the Taliban and the Kabul government by March 10, 2020, and the Taliban would release 1,000 prisoners they keep at the same time. However, the prisoners are held by the Afghan government, not the United States. Since the Afghan government was not part of the agreement, it does not feel obliged to release Taliban prisoners they consider terrorists. The next stage of negotiations between the Taliban and the Afghan government is therefore frozen. Continued violence on both sides remains an obstacle to a final peace agreement. During the preliminary talks, the Taliban continued to fight on the battlefield and launched terrorist attacks in the capital and also threatened the 2019 Afghan presidential elections on September 28. [27] According to U.S. Air Force statistics released in February 2020, the United States dropped more bombs on Afghanistan in 2019 than in 2013. [28] The Afghan peace process includes proposals and negotiations to end the ongoing war in Afghanistan. Although sporadic efforts have been made since the war began in 2001, negotiations and the pacifist movement intensified in 2018 amid talks between the Taliban, the main insurgent group fighting the Afghan government and U.S. troops; and the United States, with thousands of troops in the country supporting the Afghan government.

[1] In addition to the United States, regional powers such as Pakistan, China, India and Russia and NATO also play a role in facilitating the peace process. [2] [3] [4] Meanwhile, American troops are already reduced. Under the agreement between the United States and the Taliban, all U.S. forces will withdraw by May 2021, when the Taliban will honour their commitments to Al Qaeda and begin talks with the government. In other words, withdrawal does not depend on an agreement between the Afghan government and the Taliban. Karzai confirmed in June 2011 that secret talks were taking place between the United States and the Taliban,[51] but these failed in August 2011. [52] Further attempts to resume talks were cancelled in March 2012[53] and June 2013 following a dispute between the Afghan government and the Taliban over the opening of a political office in Qatar. President Karzai accused the Taliban of presenting themselves as a government in exile. [54] In January 2016, a quadrangle was held in Pakistan with representatives of the Afghan, Chinese and American governments, but the Taliban did not participate. [55] In 2016, the Taliban held informal discussions with the Afghan government. [56] The agreement was born out of America`s determination to bring the troops home and the recognition, at least by some Taliban, that the talks are the best way to return to Kabul. Negotiators will also try to reach some kind of agreement on the country`s political future.

Initially, Afghan President Ghani announced that he would not release Taliban prisoners, but by March 15, 2020, a few days after the start of peace talks between the Afghan government and the Taliban, he announced the release of 1,500 Taliban prisoners. He also insisted that any freed Taliban detainee was required to sign an agreement in which he pledged not to return to the fighting. The Taliban have not yet accepted this compromise and, as a result, the necessary talks on the next stage of negotiations between the Taliban and the Afghan government have not yet begun. There are a number of assumptions that the agreement makes that are problematic. On the one hand, the Afghan government was not part of the negotiations or signed the final agreement.