InDCs become CNDs – nationally determined contributions – as soon as a country formally adheres to the agreement. There are no specific requirements as to how or how many countries should reduce emissions, but there were political expectations about the nature and rigour of the targets set by different countries. As a result, the scale and ambition of national plans vary widely, largely reflecting each country`s capacity, level of development and contribution to emissions over time. China, for example, has committed to cleaning up its CO2 emissions by 2030 at the latest and reducing CO2 emissions per unit of gross domestic product (GDP) by 60-65% by 2030 from 2005 levels. India has set a target of reducing emissions intensity by 33-35% from 2005 levels by 2030 and producing 40% of its electricity from non-fossil fuels. The aim of the agreement is to reduce the global warming described in Article 2 and to improve the implementation of the UNFCCC by the Eiffel Tower in Paris. November 4, 2016 (Photo: Jean-Baptiste Gurliat/ Paris City Council) While all parties recognized the need to “prevent, minimize and repair losses and damages”, all parties have come to recognize the need to “prevent, minimize and combat losses and damages”, but above all, any mention of compensation or liability is excluded.  The Convention also takes up the Warsaw International Loss and Damage Mechanism, an institution that will attempt to answer questions about how to classify, address and co-responsible losses.  In order to contribute to the objectives of the agreement, countries presented comprehensive national plans to combat climate change (nationally defined contributions, NDC). These are not yet sufficient to meet the agreed temperature targets, but the agreement points to the way forward for further measures.
Under the Paris Agreement, each country must define, plan and report regularly on its contribution to the fight against global warming.  There is no mechanism for a country to set an emission target for a specified date, but any target should go beyond the previous targets. The United States formally withdrew from the agreement the day after the 2020 presidential election, although President-elect Joe Biden said America would return to the agreement after his inauguration.  Morocco: According to CAT, Morocco is one of only two countries whose plan is to reduce its CO2 emissions to levels compatible with limiting warming to 1.5 degrees C. Morocco`s national energy strategy plans to produce 42% of its electricity generation from renewable energy sources by 2020 and 52% by 2030.