Shortly after the agreement, EU heads of state and government agreed. For an agreement with the United Kingdom, this would probably involve the conclusions of a European Council summit. A brief bill explaining that the free trade agreement has a direct effect on British law would be easy to draft, thus avoiding the need for an in-depth analysis of the agreement and the necessary legislative changes. It would technically meet the requirement that the rules of application must enter into force before ratification, so that the United Kingdom can ratify the agreement in good faith and in a timely manner before the end of the year. In accordance with Article 50, the member state that withdraws does not participate in the votes on its withdrawal. Therefore, the United Kingdom will not participate in the Council`s vote on the VA. The UK`s exit from the EU on 31 January was set in stone at a historic moment for the nation, when MEPs ratified the withdrawal agreement in Brussels, before breaking into a transfer of Auld Lang Syne. What does this mean for the deadline for an agreement between the UK and the EU? The United Kingdom and the European Union reached an agreement at the European Council on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union. The revised withdrawal agreement and the political declaration were discussed and approved at the European Council on 17 October 2019. After approval by the European Parliament, the Council must take a decision to confirm the agreement.
Once this is published in the Official Journal, the ratification process will be completed, at least for non-mixed agreements. Under the Constitutional Reform and Governance Act 2010 (CRAG), the UK government can ratify a treaty as soon as it is before Parliament for 21 days of session and the House of Commons has not voted to delay ratification. The government can avoid this request by accepting the agreement in the House of Commons, ranging from cold to hostile and the vote has been postponed for more than a month. Prime Minister May has received a motion of no confidence within her own party, but the EU has refused to accept further changes. On 19 October, a statement was also made to Parliament that a political agreement had been reached. The bill could also be amended, which could lead to problems if the government does not have a reliable majority for all elements of its agreement. Finally, if it turns out that the bill is misusing part of the agreement – and the urgency to complete it could make it more likely – it would be much more difficult to amend an act of Parliament than an IS. Article 185 of the VA stipulates that the EU and the UK must send written notification to the custodian of the agreement before the agreement comes into force.
The custodian of the agreement is the Secretary General of the Council. This notification must confirm that the UK and the EU have completed their necessary internal ratification procedures. At the request of the United Kingdom, the European Council (Article 50) approved a third extension of the period under Article 50, paragraph 3, of the TUE until 31 January, in order to have sufficient time for ratification of the withdrawal agreement. Immediately after the announcement of a revised withdrawal agreement on October 17, 2019, Labour, the Liberal Democrats and the DUP said they could not support the new agreement.  On 15 November 2018, the day after the agreement was presented and the support of the British government cabinet, several members of the government resigned, including Dominic Raab, Secretary of State for leaving the European Union.  The withdrawal agreement also contains provisions for the United Kingdom to leave the Convention setting the status of European schools, the United Kingdom before the Convention and the accompanying regulations concerning accredited European schools until the end of the last academic year of the transition period, namely: