Fashoda Peace Agreement

And what could be more beautiful than letting the representatives of the two countries in South Sudan return to this very historic place, with a copy of this agreement that created allies for life between them. Akol, a former professor at the University of Khartoum, asked Garang to seize the opportunity and make peace with the Sudanese government before it was too late. Akol initially rejected the April agreement and said it did not offer enough guarantees for the people of South Sudan. However, a sign that he was moving towards a negotiated solution recently came when the silent commander declared a unilateral ceasefire in his war with the government. In 1898, after months of hostile stalemate over territorial influence in Africa, France and Britain were put on the brink of imperial war and, eventually, a peace agreement that continues to this day, during the so-called Fashoda Incident. In Khartoum, omdurman state radio, which was observed here on Wednesday, quoted Akol as saying that the Upper Nile region, the scene of fighting between its armed forces and the Sudanese army, had become a safe zone after last week`s agreement. While he made a courtesy appeal to the governor of Fashoda, the diplomatic duo handed him a copy of their own agreement and reiterated the importance not only of the signature, but also of the spirit that has united their two countries for years. The SPLA-United signed the peace deal last week with the government of Fashoda, in the Upper Nile region — 750 km south of the Sudanese capital — where the rebel group is headquartered. Akol is the seventh rebel leader to sign the April agreement, described as “sales” by Garang.

The Fashoda incident was the culmination of imperial territorial disputes between Britain and France in East Africa, which took place in 1898. A French expedition to Fashoda, on the White Nile, attempted to take control of the Upper Nile Basin, thus excluding Britain from Sudan. The French party and an Anglo-Egyptian force (the French 10 to 1 in number) met amicably, but back in Europe, it became a terror of war. The British resisted when both empires were on the brink of war with stormy rhetoric on both sides. Under strong pressure, the French withdrew and secured Anglo-Egyptian control of the territory. The status quo was recognized by an agreement between the two states that recognized British control of Egypt, while France became the dominant power in Morocco. France had not achieved its main objectives. On the marine side, the situation was strong in favour of Great Britain, a fact recognised by French MPs after the crisis. Several historians have paid tribute to Marchand for his calm.

[14] The military facts were undoubtedly important to Théophile Delcassé, the newly appointed French Foreign Minister. “They have soldiers. We only have arguments,” he said resigned. Moreover, he saw no advantage in a war with the British, especially since in the event of a future conflict with Germany, he wanted to win their friendship. He therefore insisted that the crisis be resolved peacefully, although it had fostered a deluge of nationalism and Anglophobia. In an editorial published on October 13 in L`Intransigeant, Victor Henri Rochefort wrote: “Germany constantly hits us in the face. Let`s not offer our cheek to England. [15] When Professor P.H.